Sunday, December 15, 2019

From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay Free Essays

string(98) " with justification for actions and for learning activities they choose in order to be effectual\." Several developments and worldwide alterations have begun to transform the nature of the workplaces and occupations in which they are performed ( Nankervis, Compton A ; Baird 2005 ; Seel 2002 ) . These developments include the influences of globalisation and technological developments every bit good as political, economical, and societal alterations that are associated with the amendments of the new industrial systems and competitory markets or what is called ‘Postmodernity ‘ ( Stoll, Fink A ; Earl 2003 ; Hargreaves 1994 ) . Postmodernity is defined as â€Å" a societal status in which economic, political, organisational, and even personal life comes to be organized around really different rules than those of modernness † ( Hargreaves 1994, p. We will write a custom essay sample on From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now 9 ) . It is characterized by the demand of flexibleness and reactivity as reflected in decentralised decision-making, level organisational constructions, dynamic webs of collaborative reactivity, and increased personal authorization. In instruction, teacher ‘s engagement in the alteration procedure is considered critical, particularly if the alteration is complex and affects assorted educational scenes over a long period of clip ( Hargreaves 1994 ) . Teacher ‘s engagement is to be meaningful and productive when instructors get more than new cognition of teaching method and course of study. Teachers are non merely proficient scholars ; they are societal scholars who play an of import function in society and for society ( Beare 2001 ; Middleton A ; Hill 1996 ) . Schooling in the station modern age trades with personal formation, belief building, developing a universe position, civilization transmittal, and geting the utile cognition and enabling accomplishments ( Beare 2001 ) . Teaching is considered a complex undertaking that involves garnering out a set of specific activities, patterns, and resources in footings of several educational intents ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Furthermore, Sanders an d McCutcheon argue that successful instructors should form these multiple factors so that they are effectual in cultivating the acquisition of a peculiar group of students. The cognition which is considered utile for instructors in transporting out this undertaking is practical information organized in the signifier of repertory, thoughts, and schemes that are effectual for them in a specific scene. In the last 2 decennaries, research on instruction has progressively focused on the knowledges that underlie instructors ‘ schoolroom patterns, instead than on their behaviours ( Van Driel, Verloop A ; De Vos 1998 ) . This alteration in focal point was reinforced by developments in cognitive psychological science. These developments were based on the cardinal premise that instructors ‘ knowledges and actions influence each other, and, similarly, those instructors ‘ knowledges and their schoolroom behaviours reciprocally affect each other. These knowledges are referred to instructors ‘ practical cognition that underlies instructors ‘ actions. The term practical cognition is drawn from Fenstermacher, who described it as the cognition of instructors ( Husu 1999 ) . Fenstermacher distinguished this type of cognition from formal cognition, which he described as cognition for instructors. Practical cognition is the cognition that instructors generate as a con sequence of their experiences as instructors and their contemplations on these experiences. This cognition is anchored in schoolroom state of affairss ; it includes all the practical quandary that instructors encounter in transporting out purposeful actions ( Munby, Russell A ; Martin 2001 ) . Teacher ‘s Practical Knowledge Personal cognition is related to the experiences and thoughts that a individual draws upon in order to learn and germinate as a instructor, it relates to adult male ‘s action and behaviour ( Back 2002 ) . Beliefs, values, attitudes, prejudices, and temperament are footings that relate to this personal cognition. Connelly, Clandinin and He ( 1997 ) refer this pre-articulated sense of instruction as personal practical cognition. For personal cognition to develop, instructors need clip and infinite to reflect on past practical experiences that inform their positions on learning. Nevertheless, instruction is a dynamic procedure that is constructed and continuously re-constructed, as instructors frame new experiences into their personal practical cognition on instruction. Practical cognition is at the centre of a instructor ‘s professional pattern ( Munby, Russsell A ; Martin 2001 ) . There are four features of practical cognition. First, practical cognition is clip edge. Second, practical cognition is state of affairs specific and does non interpret easy to other, even in similar fortunes. Third, practical cognition is personally compelling. While information acquired in a professional development seminar might be interesting, it will non do the instructor to change pattern unless the particular job addressed is one that instructor is presently confronting in the schoolroom. Finally, practical cognition is directed toward action. The information is acquired ‘in usage ‘ with the professional giving significance to the new information even as he/she is make up one’s minding the following action to take ( Schon 1987 ) . From a reappraisal of surveies on instructors ‘ practical cognition, the undermentioned features are identified: Practical cognition is personal ; each instructor ‘s practical cognition is to some extent unique, it is defined and adapted to the schoolroom state of affairs, it is based on ( contemplation on ) experience. Practical cognition originates in, and develops through, experiences in instruction, it guides instructors ‘ pattern, and it is connected with the topic that is taught ( Munby, Russsell A ; Martin 2001 ; Schon 1987 ; Connelly, Clandinin A ; He 1997 ; Driel, Verloop A ; De Vos 1998 ) Practical Knowledge as Theory Marland ( 1998 ) argues that practical cognition serves some of the maps of theory. He asserts that practical cognition provides a footing for instructors to depict and explicate what they do in schoolrooms and why. Practical cognition aid instructors to foretell how pupils might respond, to make up one’s mind what is the best response to their reaction, and to bring forth effectual and feasible instruction programs and modify them when necessary or possible. Marland adds that practical cognition serves three standard maps of theory: description, account, and anticipation. Practical theories as Drum sanders and McCutcheon ( 1986 ) point out are markedly different from scientific theories. They lack the conceptual preciseness and generalizability of scientific theories, they have non been formulated in footings of a formal linguistic communication, so, can non be subjected to the same strict logical trials as scientific theories. Practical theories are the conceptual constructions and visions that provide instructors with justification for actions and for learning activities they choose in order to be effectual. You read "From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" They are considered the rules that guide instructors ‘ grasps, determinations, and actions. Teachers Practical Theories Marland ( 1998 ) argues that practical theories of instructors are impressions about how to learn. These impressions have been crafted by instructors from their ain experiences of learning for the intent of set uping their peculiar work scenes. Practical theories are hence individualized and context-specific. They are inexplicit in beginning and derived from the experience of learning. Drum sanders and McCutcheon ( 1986 ) specify practical theories as â€Å" the conceptual constructions and visions that provide instructors with grounds for moving as they do, and for taking the instruction activities and course of study stuffs they choose in order to be effectual † ( p. 54 ) . Practical theories are considered of import and of value for instructors because they offer their holders guidelines as to what be most effectual in a peculiar educational context. They are prized by instructors who see them as dependable and best ways to continue. For this ground, practical theories could be sometimes immune to alter ( Marland 1998 ) . Fenstermacher ( cited in Husu 1999 ) asserts that justification can take topographic point when logical thinking may demo that action is sensible thing to make, an obvious thing to make, and the lone thing to make under the fortunes. Each one of these is considered a part to the justification of a regulation of pattern. The regulations are justified because they have proven their worth and have hence been approved. Teachers think, both explicitly and implicitly, that their regulations of pattern work. This is why instructors act consequently. They believe that there is a connexion between the regulations of pattern and their intended results ( Husu 1999 ) . Practical theories draw on and incorporate cognition from assorted spheres of practical cognition, such as, cognition of ego, cognition of pupils, cognition direction, cognition of course of study, and cognition of context ( Elbaz 1983, cited in Reading Module 2 ) . Practical theories are considered critical to the success of learning because educational jobs encountered by instructors are normally practical jobs ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . These jobs can non be solved by merely detecting or contriving new cognition or solution. Drum sanders and McCutcheon ( 1986 ) assert that in order to be effectual in work outing educational jobs, solutions must be put in action to suit in the peculiar fortunes of a specific educational scene. It is of import to detect here that practical theories are non ever consciously held, despite that instructors may frequently explain them. Sometimes, instructors may still move if they are non witting of the grounds for their actions. In this state of affairs, instructors ‘ actions themselves may be the lone manifestation of what Argyris called their ‘theories-in-use ‘ , which are realized by instructors through contemplation on their pattern ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Teachers in schoo lrooms use more than one theory, some theories could be known to them and some could be non. Whether or non instructors are witting of their theories of action, all what they enact during their Sessionss is rational in the sense that it is intended to carry through some intent and to bring forth a coveted effect ( Marland A ; Osborne 1990 ) . Every instruction pattern used by instructors is employed rationally because instructors are engaged in knowing and purposive action to make conditions suited and facilitate acquisition ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Teachers hold thoughts about what is of import to accomplish and what specific patterns they may utilize to learn in a peculiar state of affairs. All these thoughts as Sanders A ; McCutcheon assert might be incorporated into a individual practical theory of learning in the instructor ‘s head, but more frequently, theories are used together in sets. These theories are developed by instructors over their whole calling by reflecting on what they know of the purposes of instruction, through duologue with, and observation of, other instructors, and by informally detecting their pupils as they talk, write, act, respond, speak, and engage in other activities throughout the twenty-four hours. Schon ( 1987 ) argues that the capacity to develop these meta-structures of cognition can be developed through brooding pattern. Brooding pattern requires that professionals engage in a duologue with themselves and their environments in which they review the jobs that are portion of their day-to-day pattern. The professional, confronted with a surprise job, uses intuition and stored cognition to try solutions, with each effort going progressively closer to an appropriate solution. Throughout this procedure, the professional is forced to oppugn premises about the cognition base, doing a restructuring of schemes of action and apprehensions of the phenomena that occurred. Once the solution is reached, each episode of â€Å" reflecting in action † , causes the professional to change pattern behaviour by adding new information to the shop of professional cognition. This increases the organic structure of adept cognition and makes it less differentiated, leting the professional to r eassign cognition across practical state of affairss. Much of the acquisition that is acquired by instructors in the action context is mostly self-validating and self-confirming. Learning basically occurs in fortunes of hot action where determinations must be made rapidly and instinctively, chances to reflect and do significance of the experience are limited. The significance taken from these experiences tend to be self-validating and self-confirming. Components of Practical Theories Literature on instructors ‘ practical theories depicts most of the constituents of these theories. However, practical theory does non merely consist of constituents but of links among, or inter-relationships among, the constituents. These links or relationships among constituents give the theory its construction or form and find how good it fulfils its map. Footings that are normally appear in the literature in histories of instructors ‘ practical theories are as follows: instructors ‘ values, beliefs, rules, regulations, ends, tactics and schemes, normal desirable provinces and pupil provinces, cues, properties, contextual variables, images, metaphors, and pedagogical content cognition ( Marland 1998, 2007 ; Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ; Marland A ; Osborne 1990 ; Connelly, Clandinin A ; He 1997 ) . Marland ( 1998 ) argues that instructors are keenly cognizant of how one constituent influences others. Teachers offer accounts for why they adopt different schemes with different categories at the same twelvemonth degree, why they spend more clip with some groups than with others, how their beliefs about pupil larning affect their pick of rules of instructor behaviour and instruction schemes, and how they use the pupil cues to place that provinces of head of pupils. Marland adds that the constituents of practical theories are non isolated, independent, and free-floating units ; they are linked together in a quite important manner. The constituents within a practical theory must complement and back up each other because a practical theory is a program for action. It is directed at accomplishing some ends. In other words, all constituents in a specific lesson program need to work good together in order for the ends of the lesson to be achieved. It is the links between constituents tha t give coherency and integrity of intent to a practical theory ( Marland 2007 ) . The linkages among constituents of a theory are like linkages among words in a sentence. To ease their communicating with each other, the words have to be presented in a peculiar sequence. This careful sequencing of words would give the set of words a significance. In a similar manner, learning becomes meaningful when instructors can do mention to the interactions among the assorted constituents of their theories ( Reading Module 3 ) . Teachers ‘ Rules Rules are the clear statements used by instructors in schoolrooms to bespeak to pupils what represents appropriate behavior or action ( Marland 2007 ) . Elbaz uses the term, ‘rule of pattern ‘ and defines it as â€Å" a brief, clearly formulated statement of what to make or how to make in a peculiar state of affairs often encountered in pattern † ( Elbaz, cited in Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988, p. 63 ) . Classroom regulations are normally used by instructors to set up forms of behaviour that facilitate a societal order and productive working scenes, guarantee effectual usage of clip, and facilitate bend taking in treatment and purposeful motion by pupils ( Marland 2007 ) . Rules may hold two signifiers, they could be brief statements or drawn-out description of pattern from which a figure of related regulations may be inferred ( Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ) . For illustration, when the instructor provinces at the beginning of twelvemonth to the pupils that he/she will listen really carefully to them, promote them to rephrase, and let them to show their feelings, sentiments, and concerns without judging them. This statement expresses a figure of regulations, such as, listen carefully, encourage pupils to rephrase, let express of feelings, do non judge. All these regulations taken together will organize an attack of communicating in the schoolroom that can be expressed in the statement of a rule. They are called as regulations because they make mention to what and how of the state of affairs with the intent being taken for granted ( Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ) . Rules may be suggested by the instructor or formulated jointly by the instructor and pup ils. Seeking pupils input in the preparation of regulations will make a democratic ambiance in the schoolroom and will promote pupils engagement, which increases pupils understanding and committedness. Husu ( 1999 ) argues that regulations are normally justified by instructors because they have proven their worth and have hence been approved. Teachers think implicitly and explicitly that the regulations of pattern used in classrooms work efficaciously. And because they work, instructors act consequently. This type of concluding would warrant a connexion between the regulations of pattern and their intended results in schoolrooms. They are justified because they have met the criterions of the smooth practical action held by the instructor. Rules of pattern are socially constructed ; they emerge from old ages of experience in school scenes. It is a manner instructors found to be effectual in work outing debatable state of affairss. They set a strong organisational power to frequently helter-skelter patterns in the schoolroom. Teachers ‘ Metaphors Marland ( 2007 ) argues that instructors sometimes refer to learning as mothering, coaching, or horticulture, each one of these descriptions draws attending to some similarities between learning and other activities. This pulling attending to similarities between two things is what a metaphor does. Analysis of these metaphors about learning reveals much about the ways instructors think about learning and how they conceptualize of import facets of their work and how they believe schoolrooms map best. Teacher ‘s behaviour in schoolrooms is normally consistent with the metaphors used in their negotiations about learning. For this ground, metaphors used by instructors are considered as supplying valuable penetrations into their practical theories. Metaphor is a constituent of personal practical cognition. It can be identified when listening to the instructor ‘s address ( Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ) . It gives inventive look to this cognition that makes it possible for a individual to research concealed rational avenues contained in a metaphor ‘s frame ( Connelly, Clandinin A ; He 1997 ) . A individual metaphor can be used to depict how instructors view their work in the schoolroom. It can be used to convey cardinal facets of the instructor ‘s position of instruction and acquisition ( Korthagen A ; Lagerwerf 2001 ) , covering such constituents as ends, tactics, schemes, values, and pupil provinces. Deductions of Teachers ‘ Practical Theories Marland ( 1998 ) argues that a successful alteration in the instruction perspectives requires developing a committedness to follow new values and beliefs. This hard and time-consuming activity is considered critical because values and beliefs are cardinal to instructors ‘ impressions about learning. Valuess and beliefs are considered the cardinal constituents of the moral models that instructors hold, which besides influence their decision-making about learning. This moral model motivates and gives purpose and way to believing about learning. Teacher pedagogues that intend to do the displacement need to value practical cognition about learning that pupil instructors develop within their classs. They besides need to value the procedures such as those built-in in critical thought and contemplation that contribute to the acquisition and alteration of practical cognition and theories. Accepting these values would do instructors pedagogues review their beliefs about pupil instructor s, how they learn to learn, the function of the instructor pedagogue, and the nature of cognition. Alliance with the position that instruction is shaped by the practical theories of instructors requires that teacher instruction aid pupil instructors to develop practical theories that are personally meaningful and relevant to the contexts in which they pattern. This end emphasizes the importance of valuing personal liberty, critical thought, and diverseness of learning manners. This end besides requires careful attending to the schemes used in teacher instruction to guarantee that they are effectual in advancing personal and context-specific practical theories to the pre-service instructors. The schemes selected should be influenced by the nature of the topic for which the instructor pedagogue has duty. Besides make up one’s minding the appropriate schemes, pedagogues should seek to bring on through their classs the provinces of pupils in order to ease end attainment. Students need to be inquiry-oriented and self-evaluative, to take enterprises and to be originative, and to demo readiness to be brooding and unfastened to other possibilities in order to construct their ain practical theories. Furthermore, pedagogues here play an of import function in easing pupils ‘ provinces by honoring enterprise, commending soul-searching, back uping flexibleness and bring forthing options, constructing self-pride of pupils, and promote hazard taking. It is imperative for instructor pedagogues to reflect on the rules which they build into their actions to guarantee that they reflect the values, beliefs, schemes, and pupil provinces that facilitate pupil teacher theory-building. Teacher pedagogues need to guarantee that they know plenty about the pupil instructors they are working with in order to be able to polish other characteristics of their practical theories, such as schemes, rules, pupil provinces and ends, and to personalise these in the involvements of maximising benefits for pupil instructors ( Marland 1998 ) . Decision This paper presented an overview of instructors ‘ practical theories. Practical theories are considered critical to the success of learning because educational jobs encountered by instructors are normally practical jobs ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Practical theories are impressions about how to learn, these impressions have been crafted by instructors from their ain experiences of learning for set uping their peculiar work scenes. Practical theory does non merely consist of constituents but of links among, or inter-relationships among, the constituents. These links or relationships among constituents give the theory its construction or form and find how good it fulfils its map. They serve as the background to much of the instructors ‘ decision-making and action, and therefore represent what has been termed the civilization of instruction. Mentions Back, S 2002, ‘The Aristotelean challenge to teacher instruction ‘ , History of Intellectual Culture, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-5. Beare, H 2001, Making the future school, Routledge Falmer, London. Connelly, FM A ; Clandinin, DJ A ; He, Ming Fang 1997, ‘Teachers ‘ personal practical cognition on the professional cognition landscape ‘ , Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 665-74. Connelly, FM A ; Clandinin, DJ 1988, Teachers as course of study contrivers, Teachers College Press, New York. Hargreaves, A 1994, Changing instructors, altering times: instructors ‘ work and civilization in the postmodern age, Cassell, London. Husu, J 1999, ‘How instructors know and know about others? ‘ paper presented at the 9th Biennial Conference on International Study Association on Teachers A ; Teaching ( ISATT ) , Dublin, Ireland, July, 25 pages. Korthagen, FA A ; Lagerwerf, B 2001, ‘Teachers ‘ professional acquisition: how does it work? ‘ , in FA Korthagen ( ed. ) , Associating pattern and theory. The teaching method of realistic instructor instruction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, London, pp. 175-206. Marland, P 2007, Learning to learn. A primer for pre-service instructors, Pearson, Gallic Forest, NSW. Marland, PW A ; Osborne, AB 1990, ‘Classroom theory, believing and action ‘ , Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 93-109. Marland, PW 1998, ‘Teachers ‘ practical theories: deductions for pre-service instructor instruction ‘ , Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education A ; Development, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 15-23. Middleton, M A ; Hill, J 1996, Changing schools: ambitious premises and researching possibilities, Hawker-Brownlow, Melbourne. Munby, H, Russell, T A ; Martin, AK 2001, ‘Teachers ‘ cognition and how it develops ‘ , in V Richardson ( ed. ) , Handbook of research on instruction, 4th edn, American educational Research Association, Washington, pp. 877-904. Nankervis, AR, Compton, RL A ; Baird, M 2005, Human resource direction: schemes and procedures, 5th edn, Thomas Nelson, Melbourne. Drum sanders, CP A ; McCutcheon, G 1986, ‘The development of practical theories of learning ‘ , Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 50-67. Schon, D 1987, Educating the brooding practician, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco. Seel, R 2002, ‘The nature of organisational alteration ‘ , viewed 15 November 2006,. Stoll, L, Fink, D A ; Earl, L 2003, It ‘s about acquisition ( and it ‘s about clip ) . What ‘s in it for schools? , Routledge Falmer, London. Van Driel, JH, Verloop, N A ; De Vos, W 1998, ‘Developing scientific discipline instructors ‘ pedagogical content cognition ‘ , Journal of Research in Science Teaching, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 673-95. How to cite From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay, Essay examples

Saturday, December 7, 2019

I Will Never Regret That I Loved You free essay sample

Will Never Regret That Loved You Smiling whens thinking on you Keep quiet in a sudden while heard your name Crying while thinking on you alone; but keeps smiling while sees u Lifes too touching and perfect would more rather like to be sad for you; or even, depressed Im writing the sadness in the diary that doesnt belongs with me Ill crying while heard that the lyrics is so nearly with my feelings Ill crying while watching parts of touching drama Dreaming on your cruel face, then cry and awake from dreams Keeps smiling silly while thought about our funny arguingThered too many, many Thanks God that I have found you, its a happiness to see you Although I keep saying to give up, but its still unbearable I have spent my youth and left the Loves aside; but still waiting even If I know that It wont ends well Everyday that I love you Is a terrible nightmare Every minute, or even every moment is filled with sweet and pain Pain made cries while sweet memories Is a illusion to console myself B ut I still wont let It go have already defeat already defeat while the moments I felt in love with you said: [ You see, I lose till my hearts emptyReally felt that youre the unfortunate for me; but I m still willing to be hurt by you- Although I knew that I will hurt badly I always pray that Ive never fell In love with you before, or even, Vive never known you But if the Gods giving me a chance to go back to past, Im still choosing to love you-definitely I wonder if you are the One in my life wonder if Vive found the Mr. We will write a custom essay sample on I Will Never Regret That I Loved You or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page . Right with the wrong timing Or met with the wrong person In the right timing My friends feel unfair for me They advise me to give up They said that Im not suppose to be sad for you They say [ What does he so good? Clare it for you declare that you are good enough said [ Its just because Im not good enough, I cant help ] I know whats theyll never know know, youre hardworking enough know, youre very tough Or even, I know that you have too much pressure know that Its a better way if I give up But I Just dont want to give up [ Just because you are just the way you are, the only one of you However sad or hard 1 OFF Is better than if you pain That makes my heart s pain Love, makes me tiny When really fall in love, the limits will be thrown But lifes fulfill with too much regretsThere are too much, too much of people Still cant be together in the end Vive told myself [ Love is ones personal matter But why Im crying for my sadness once and more? Youve told me If were still not success for t his time Youll give up, that means we are really inconsiderable If we really reach the only way to give up And its no way anymore I will leave here [ If theres a chance that can brings me back, Ill still choose to fall in love with you. Though its painful, Im still grateful that I found you. Its my best luck to found you. I will remember that I had deeply love someone before ]I know I have to give up The future is still broad; but you cant give me the happiness I want But Im still unbearable Because I dont know Whether can I find someone that enables me to love him deeply like now in the future Can I love him Just like how I love you now, that deeply and unregenerate All I know that you are a wound in my heart, thatll never recover I cant forget it, Just because that Vive deeply love, hurt and pain I will keep you in my deep hearts core.

Friday, November 29, 2019

street childrenunfinished Essays - Street Children, Childhood

A street child is a young person, under the age of fifteen, who lives and sleeps in the streets, whose family ties are broken and who can't or won't return home. Street children live in the streets without their families. Each child has to learn how to survive alone, since no adult takes responsibility of them. Often they are very young and completely ignored by their families. These children don't like to be called as "street children". They live, or rather struggle to survive, they are usually in the downtown area, near stations and shopping malls, places, which are lit up at night or in garbage dumps, in railway stations or under bridges in most major cities of developing countries around the world. To avoid being caught, street children are the last to go to sleep and the first to get up: that's why they're often worn out, and can be found sleeping during the day. They group together at night. Amongst children in the street, there are; children who work, children from slums, runaways and delinquents. Other children may spend most of their time in the street, but maintain certain link to their families. The distinction between these two categories is not always clear, but it is important. Two separate social groups definitely exist. Some countries even deny the existence of the phenomenon, in order to minimize the problem or simply because the society is sincerely ignorant of this, hidden issue. Frightened of institutions where they are poorly treated, children don't want to be known or recognized. However, this is an inevitable phenomenon that there are lots of children working and living in the streets and it has been a major concern for most of the countries in the world. It is an universal phenomena. In order

Monday, November 25, 2019

This is Why Your Resume Was Rejected [Infographic]

This is Why Your Resume Was Rejected [Infographic] There are many reasons as to why your resume was rejected. The folks over at have compiled an infrographic detailing the top reasons why your resume was rejected. Check the reasons out below:

Friday, November 22, 2019

British Defence Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

British Defence Policy - Essay Example The passengers on the fourth plane rose up and fought their oppressors, but the price was fatal. By the time that military responses could be coordinated, the World Trade Center and the Pentagon had already been hit. Paradigm shifts like this were part of the rationale behind the writing of the Defence White Paper entitled "Delivering Security in a Changing World" in 2003. The British government recognized a number of factors that necessitated changes in the ways that government agencies handled domestic security. According to the introduction to the white paper, it was "evident that the successful management of international security problems [would] require ever more integrated planning of military, diplomatic and economic instruments at both national and international levels" (Ministry of Defence 2003, p. 1). In other words, not only would countries have to be able to cooperate in ways that had not yet been possible in meeting the challenges of a common enemy, agencies within the same government would also have to work in concert swiftly to meet the challenges of terrorism, and there are many countries in which this interagency cooperation would prove more of a challenge than finding common g round with other countries. The improvement in military technologies was also a factor, which led those writing the paper to "look at technologies [can] deliver military effects in different ways[including] flexible forces able to configure to generate the right capability in a less predictable and more complex operational environment" (Ministry of Defence 2003, p. 1). The goal of the white paper was to "move away from simplistic platform-centric planning to a fully 'networked enabled capability' able to exploit effects-based planning and operations, using forces which are truly adaptable, capable of even greater levels of precision, and rapidly deployable" (Ministry of Defence 2003, p. 1). Clearly, some paradigm shifts were underway in the restructuring of British security. Although the British government conducted another SDR in 2002, after the 9/11 attacks in the United States, there were other international events and factors that led to the writing of this white paper. The first one mentioned was the large number of small crises that were occurring all over the globe, including Kosovo, Macedonia, Sierra Leone, East Timor, Afghanistan, Congo, and Iraq - all at once. Constructing a military to face two or three theaters, at most, would be outdated in the current security environment. Also, while theaters in past conflicts, such as the Falkland Islands, or even such conflicts that, at the time, seemed protracted (like the Second World War), ended up taking less time to resolve that some of these foreign crises have in the past decade. Also, the structure of NATO has changed, transitioning from a group of large, static forces to smaller response teams that can go outside the NATO territory. Similarly, the creation of the European Security and Defence P olicy (ESDP) has fragmented the size of response teams even further. Also, a strategic partnership with Russia could present a variety of demands, given the instability that, at times, has plagued Russia's infrastructure, particularly their oil pipelines. The spreading of weapons of mass destruction around the world, and particularly the ease with which individuals and small

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Strategic Human Resource Search Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Strategic Human Resource Search - Essay Example Most advisors have felt that the hotel should revise the contracts of some of these hotels in order to keep up the reputation of the larger chain. One of the greatest issues and challenges that faced the hotel chain was the sad reports that most of its chains were affected by bed-bugs (Brody 2011). Well, considering the nature of such reports and the impact it had on the organization, it can indeed be realized that the reputation of Marriot was indeed damaged by the reports which unfortunately were given much airplay and address by news agencies across the world. The reports which were mainly reported in 2010 and 2011 came through complaints on the internet where people reported being bitten by bedbugs after boarding in particular chains of the hotel. The issue became publicized to the extent that news agencies like CNN were able to address it in their casts. Sure enough, in the subject of food and hospitality, tidiness and proper care are simply indispensable (Enz 2010). In such a competitive environment where competitors can greatly gain from any tiny mistakes, the reputation of the organization holds everything. Marriot ind eed lost a lot of potential customers and other strategic partners who felt the hotel was not doing enough to address the very fundamental issues. Nevertheless, despite these challenges, the executives at Marriot have indeed tried to address the issues with a lot of concern by instituting several campaigns to build the seemingly shattered reputation of the organization. The challenge has been great but the Hotel has been forced to invest millions of dollars in the bid to improve its image. Much challenge was thrown to the human resources department in tackling the human resources aspect since most of the fault could be linked with lazy employees. On the same account, much research was conducted on the issue to find out

Monday, November 18, 2019

Occupy Wall Street Movement Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 2

Occupy Wall Street Movement - Essay Example The movements of OWS generally came into existence concerning the moral performance of the individuals and the unequal income distribution within the current socio-economic stature of the US. The moral implications which have been involved in the movement, in relation to OWS relates with the Primacy of Self-Interest and the Democracy progression. The Primacy of Self-Interest states the individual responsibility towards any kind of conduct. It is worth mentioning in this regard that the prevailing moral scenario within the US society indicates that the power of controlling depends largely on the wealthy group of population. In such circumstances, the distinct authorities regarding economic decision making is bestowed upon selected individuals belonging to that particular section; thus, segregating the society in terms of income (University of New Mexico, 2012). One of the notions initialized by the OWS protestors conveys the message that the nation and the economy should be controlled by the actual successor who deserves the right to control, based on their potentialities rather than their wealth. This symbolizes the leaders for the economy should be selected through fair and just elections. Furthermore, with regards to the democratic philosophy of politics, it has been connoted by the protestors that the economy should be democratic in power so that individuals can assist each other to a larger extent. Hence, government should offer active participation in protecting people from social threats.